NCERT Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 2D - Vocational Education

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Chapter 2D - Vocational Education Exercise 73

Solution 1

Chapter 2D - Vocational Education Exercise 74

Solution 2

The correctly matched table is given below:


Jobs A

Profile B

Category C



A person who uses machine tools to make or modify parts, primarily metal parts




A person who uses machine tools to make or modify parts



Foundry man

A person who works in a factory that produces metal castings.




A tradesman specializing in electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and related equipment




A person who joins two or more pieces of metal together




A person who types, esp. for a living

Home Science



A person who sells goods directly to the consumer.




A person who is in the business of production and dissemination of literature or information



Insurance Service-Provider

A person who provides coverage for life and property




A tradesperson who specializes in installing and maintaining systems used for potable (drinking) water, sewage, and drainage.




A person who crafts clothes, furniture, crockery etc.




A person who is skilled in adornment of body




An information professional trained in the organization and management of information services or materials for those with information needs.




A person who makes, repairs, or alters clothing professionally, especially suits and men's clothing.



Sheet metal worker

A person who manufactures various types of articles out of sheet metal



Seri culturist

A person who is in the business of rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk.




The science of plant cultivation including the process of preparing soil for the planting of seeds, tubers, or cuttings


Chapter 2D - Vocational Education Exercise 76

Solution 4

1.0 What is VE: VE stands for Vocational Education which prepares learners for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities. It was traditionally considered non-academic and totally related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation.

1.1 Prepares learners for jobs that are based on manual or practical activities

1.2 Related to a specific trade, occupation or vocation

1.3 Generally at the secondary or post-secondary level

1.4 Focus on development of skills that are needed for specific trades and hence practical work is given greater importance than bookish learning

2.0 Need of VE: To respond to the growing skill requirement

2.1 To sustain the economy

2.2 To provide the requirements of skilled manpower

2.3 Creates more employment opportunities by equipping learners with entrepreneurial skills

2.4 Addresses the changing face of technology through diversified courses

3.0 Concerns:

3.1 Low motivation amongst students to pursue vocational education

3.2 Rigid mindset of parents and educators in accepting vocational courses

3.3 Obsolete state of many vocational courses

3.4 Poor linkage between institutions offering vocational courses and the private sector

4.0 Emerging Fields:

4.1 Globalisation has resulted in opening up of new sectors in both manufacturing and service industries

4.2 New fields of employment:

· Hospitality

· Fashion Technology

· Film and Television

· Information Technology

· Retail

· Healthcare

Chapter 2D - Vocational Education Exercise 77

Solution 5

The growing need for Vocational Education

Education is a process which empowers a student to think for himself/herself and make his/her decisions in life. However, the present day education system puts emphasis on rote-learning and unhealthy competition. This often leads students to depression and even suicide at times. However, if a student is allowed to pursue his/her own interests then their personalities would bloom and they would also be successful in their careers.

There exists a disparity between market demands and the skills of India's educated youth.

For example, every year 650,000 engineering graduates pass out of whom nearly two thirds need to be re-skilled, so that they can get jobs in the industry. The developed world requires knowledge workers and skilled professionals. By 2020, the developed world will have a shortage of 40 million working people, says a report.

These figures reveal the shortage of skilled man power in India in comparison to the jobs existing in the market. This mismatch occurs due to many reasons.

A few of them are as follows:

A. Low motivation amongst students to pursue vocational education

B. The rigid mindset of parents and educators in accepting vocational courses

C. Many vocational courses that are being offered have become obsolete

D. There is poor linkage between institutions offering vocational courses and the private sector. Students often find it difficult to secure proper employment immediately after completing their courses.

In order to keep up with the market demands of India, students should be encouraged to take up vocational education. They should be allowed to study the subjects they like. Teachers and parents must become more open minded about students' career and life choices. There should be enough infra structure to support vocational education. Educational institutes could link up with Companies and Corporations so that students can be employed soon after they complete their studies. These are a few ways in which the gap between vocational education and market demand for skilled manpower can be bridged.

Chapter 2D - Vocational Education Exercise 80

Solution 6

Vocational education is necessary:

· To develop skilled manpower through diversified courses to meet the requirements of mainly the unorganised sector and to instill self- employment skills in people through a large number of self employment oriented courses;

· To prepare students for identified vocations spanning several areas of activity;

· To build up a formidable work force of international quality.

Solution 8


22 March 2011


Introduction to Mass Media Studies

Introduction to Mass Media Studies for the students of class X on Tuesday, 22nd March between 2pm to 4pm in the school auditorium. This is going to help students who want to pursue a career in films, its production and other attached fields. Renowned teachers from the Institute of Mass Communication (IMC) will be there to talk about and discuss the new course.

Students interested in participating should be seated in the auditorium by 2 pm.


Chapter 2D - Vocational Education Exercise 82

Solution 9

Rahul has been my friend since high school. We both enjoyed playing volleyball in school and got along well. As our 12th standard classes were coming to an end, we both were confused about our career choices. We both were fascinated by machines. We even built our own radio by looking up the instructions on the internet. Gradually it became clear that I was going to go for a vocational course which would help me become a machinist. My parents too were supportive of this choice.

However, Rahul's father was furious at him when he asked him about joining the course. He had other plans for Rahul. There were lots of arguments at his home about this issue. Throughout this time I was supportive of Rahul and his career choice. With the help of my parents and Rahul's mother, we were all able to convince his father to allow him to join the course. It was a struggle which was worthwhile as today Rahul is a successful machinist. He enjoys his work and is very content with his life. Everyone, including his father, is very proud of his work and the career choice that he has made.