Archive
9th of September 2015
English
Q:

Can you explain me the following figures of speech:

1)Oxymoron

2)Euphemism

3)Antithesis

4)Synecdoche

Tanishqa Rathod - CBSE - Class X

Wednesday, September 09, 2015 at 18:33:PM

A:

Hi Ranishqa,

Oxymoron is the use of two opposing ideas together for a self-contradictory yet poetic effect. 

Examples:

The dinner is almost ready.

She had an air of violent calmness.

Euphemism is the use of a milder term for a harsh word/idea.

Examples:

He is mentally unsound. (Milder term for mad)

Her grandmother is with God. (Milder term for dead)

Antithesis- Opposing ideas are brought together.

Examples:

To err is human; to forgive is divine.

Man proposes; God disposes.

Synecdoche uses a part to designate the whole or a whole is to designate a part.

Examples:

Part for the whole:

He has many mouths to feed.

The phrase 'many mouths' refers to the people dependant on him. Thus, it is part for the whole.

Whole for the part:

India won the world cup in 2010.

The word 'India' refers to the Indian team and not the entire county. Hence, it is a whole for a part.  

 

Wednesday, September 09, 2015 at 18:49:PM