INTER UNIVERSITY PRESS Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem]
Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem] Passage 1
The rhyme scheme of the given lines is aa-bb-cc-dd.
The waves were small and there was no stir in the air or sea therefore they did not move the Inchcape bell.
The lines 'No stir in the air, no stir in the sea' and 'So little they rose, so little they fell' indicates that the ocean was calm and steady.
Without either sign or sound of their shock,
Alliteration: The sound 's' has been repeated in the words 'sound' and 'shock'.
So little they rose, so little they fell,
Repetition: The phrase 'so little they' has been repeated in the lines for poetic effect.
Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem] Passage 2
The bell was placed on the rock so that sailors who were sailing off the eastern coast of Scotland could know that they are close to the Inchcape Rock hidden under the waves and prevent crashing into it.
When the sea surged, the bell on the buoy floated and rung and warned the sailors of the rock which was hidden below the waves.
The Abbot of Aberbrothok, a good natured soul, had tied the Inchcape Bell to the rock.
Inversion: The normal order of words has been reversed for emphasis.
The correct order is 'Its warning rung over the waves."
The mariners blessed the Abbot as by tying the bell to the Inchcape Rock he had been instrumental in saving many sailing accidents.
Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem] Passage 3
The buoy looked like a dark spot on the vast green ocean.
The birds sounded happy that day as the day was bright and sunny.
Sir Ralph the Rover was a pirate.
The phrase indicates that the pirate set his wicked eye on the Inchcape Bell and stared at it intently.
Gay, joyful, joyaunce
Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem] Passage 4
The 'he' referred to in the first line is Sir Ralph the Rover.
The happiness on Sir Ralph's face was rooted in wickedness.
The Rover wants his men to row him to the Inchcape Rock.
The above lines indicate that the Rover had come up with a wicked plan to wreck the good intended work of the Abbot of Aberbrothok.
Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem] Passage 5
The boatmen rowed the boat to the Inchcape Rock.
Sir Ralph the Rover bent over from his boat and cut the bell from the Inchcape Float.
The rover cut the bell because he wanted ships to crash against the rock so that he could then plunder their goods.
Down sank the Bell with a gurgling sound
Onomatopoeia: The word 'gurgling' is used to hint the sound of the drowning bell.
The bubbles rose and burst around;
Alliteration: The sound 'b' has been repeated in the words 'bubbles' and 'burst'.
Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem] Passage 6
Sir Ralph the Rover sailed into the sea as looking out for ships that crashed against the Inchcape Rock so that he could raid and plunder them.
A thick haze had spread over the sky due to which his men couldn't see anything when they steered towards Scotland.
Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem] Passage 7
There was a lot of haze and darkness engulfing the ocean due to which the sailors couldn't see where they were.
The ship crashes against the Inchcape rock at the end of the stanza.
Bad weather and the absence of the Inchcape bell caused the ship to crash against the rock.
In the absence of the bell, the sailors were clueless about where they were or if they were near the shore. Moreover, they had no way of avoiding crashing into the dreaded Inchcape Rock if they drew close to it. Hence, a sailor thought it would be good had the bell been there.
Chapter 2 - The Inchcape Rock [Poem] Passage 8
When the ship hit the Inchcape Rock, Ralph the Rover realised what a grave mistake he had made by cutting off the Inchcape Bell. His ship was now sinking as waters entered the vessel from all sides. In despair, agony, and frustration he tore at his hair and cursed himself for cutting off the bell.
Sir Ralph the Rover believed he heard the Devil ringing the bell as though indicating that he himself had come to drag the rover to hell for his cruel deeds.
The Abbot was a benevolent and an empathetic man while the pirate was a cruel and an inhuman pirate. On the one hand, the abbot placed a bell on the Inchcape Rock to warn sailors of the hidden rock. On the other hand, Sir Ralph the Rover cut the bell off because he did not want sailors to sail across the rock safely. The Abbot taught for the well being of others while Sir Ralph only thought about plundering and increasing his wealth. He was so reckless that he didn't think twice before cutting off the bell. Ultimately, divine justice was served and he was punished for his recklessness.
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