INTER UNIVERSITY PRESS Solutions for Class 10 English Chapter 3 - Hunger

Chapter 3 - Hunger Passage 1

Solution 5

The story is set in 1979 when the Shah of Iran was defeated by the Khomeini government. Although the Khomeini government had promised several good things to the people of Iran, there were innumerable people still unemployed after the new government came to power. The rich grew richer while the poor became poorer. 

Solution 1

The market was crowded with people and shops. The shops were full of items waiting to be sold. Although things were expensive, people were buying them anyway. They were buying, eating, drinking. 

Solution 2

Rizwan was looking for someone who worked for a living but was not a shop owner. Rizwan was a journalist. 

Solution 3

Rizwan caught hold of a middle-aged man walking in his direction carrying a load on his head. 

Solution 4

Kasim was a rag seller by profession. From his appearance, he didn't look like a shop owner, and was thus a perfect candidate for Rizwan's interview. 

Chapter 3 - Hunger Passage 2

Solution 1

Kasim was skeptical about Rizwan. He was not very comfortable when Rizwan was asking him questions. He thought that Rizwan was a tout. 

Solution 2

Kasim didn't want to farm because he did not have a land of his own and he was already in the profession of selling old clothes. By selling old clothes, he thought was earning enough to manage a life. 

Solution 3

After reading the extract, one feels that Rizwan is a successful journalist who is interrogating poor people like Kasim to expose their condition and bring about a social change. However, Rizwan is as desperate as Kasim in trying to earn a decent livelihood. The new government has filled the lives of poor people with uncertainty and this is very clear from Rizwan's and Kasim's condition. 

Solution 4

The last two lines of the extract describe how pathetic the situation was in Iran during that time. People were suffering during the reign of the Shah and even after the Khomeini government took over, nothing changed. The rich continued to live a lavish life while the poor ones like Kasim and his family continued to suffer. Kasim's father lived a life full of want and starvation. Their life was filled with poverty and longing. 

Chapter 3 - Hunger Passage 3

Solution 1

Rizwan refers to the former Shah of Iran who ruled the country before the Khomeini government came into power. 

Solution 2

Being the citizen of a country, it is very natural that one ought to know who rules the nation. However, Kasim denied to have known the Shah or the new ruler. This indicates either that he was oblivious of the government and its battles, or that he was intentionally avoiding as he didn't trust Rizwan. 

Solution 3

Both Kasim's father and his grandfather led a difficult life. They were physical labourers and lived in pathetic conditions. Kasim's great grandfather died of deprivation either of hunger or cold. In addition, Kasim's grandfather, according to his father, used to work in somebody's house where he died of high fever. Thus, Kasim and his older generations had always lived a miserable life full of starvation and ill health. 

Solution 4

Kasim was not even remotely familiar with the idea of living a better life. He too was living in adverse conditions like his father did. In addition, when Rizwan asked him about his son, he said that he was waiting for the boy to get a little older so that he too could join his profession. He didn't hope that his son would receive education and do better in life. 

Chapter 3 - Hunger Passage 4

Solution 1

To Kasim, a comfortable life was nothing but a myth. He did not believe that it was possible to live a better life in his country. 

Solution 2

Kasim told Rizwan that the last time they were promised a good life, he slept hungry that night after shouting slogans for the new government. The new government had promised a good life, but after it came into power, the poor people were forgotten completely and life was as usual miserable for people like Kasim. 

Solution 3

Kasim used to sell old clothes. He was heading towards a ditch where there were workers. He hoped to find someone who would be in need of some warm clothes. This would give him an opportunity to earn some money. 

Solution 4

Although Kasim had a home in the village, he did not have a place to stay in the city. Sometimes he slept under a bridge while sometimes he found a place outside a shop. Therefore, he was unable to give any address to Rizwan for their next meeting. 

Chapter 3 - Hunger Passage 5

Solution 1

It was the first day of Rizwan's work where he had been asked to submit a few articles first so that he could get a permanent job. Unfortunately, it had been a tough day as he had barely been successful at extracting information from Kasim. He was worried about his job. 

Solution 2

Rizwan's condition was as pitiful as that of Kasim. Both were victims of the ongoing political drama in Iran. Although Rizwan had got a job in a newspaper, he would be made permanent only if he submitted a few articles first. 

Solution 3

It was very difficult to find people in the crowded market and assume that they would be ready to give an interview. There was a great deal of political unrest in the country at that point of time and people were skeptical of anyone who tried to seek information from them. Given these circumstances, Rizwan found it very difficult to complete his task. 

Solution 4

Rizwan's family was not in a god condition. His mother was ill and his father had passed away two years ago. Financial adversities had forced his brothers to drop out of school. 

Chapter 3 - Hunger Passage 6

Solution 1

Rizwan had the satisfaction of going to work the next day as he came out if the office after submitting his article. 

Solution 2

Rizwan wrote his name on the article. As Kasim did not give his address, his article would be rejected and he would lose his job. Therefore, he filled in his details instead. 

Solution 3

Rizwan was worried about the uncertainty that continued to loom over his life even the following day. He had no clue as to how he would find another person for an interview the next day and how he would be able to keep his job. 

Solution 4

Rizwan was one among the millions of Irani people who were reeling under uncertainty in Iran. The new government had brought no hope, as the poor continued to be poor. Rizwan is a poverty stricken educated man in search of a way to sustain his family of a widowed mother and two school dropout brothers. Although there isn't much difference between him and Kasim, it is clear that he makes a desperate attempt to rise above his misery. Unlike Kasim, he does not resign himself to fate. Instead, he struggles to face each day as it comes. He tries hard to persuade Kasim for an interview and it is commendable of him to not lose his cool after many unsuccessful attempts to make Kasim speak up. He continues to pursue Kasim and tries to understand his situation. Although he too is starving and miserable after a thankless day, he wants to head home to eat something and get ready for the next day. He thinks life may change for good if he lives to see the next day. Rizwan's character teaches us the qualities of faith, patience, and endurance in the worst of times.