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Important Questions For You!

Chapter 1: Interpretation of Topographical Maps


Q 1. Study the extract of the Survey of India Map sheet No. 45D/10 and answer the following questions:

  1. i. Give the four figure grid reference of the settlement of Hamirpura.               [2]
    ii. Give the four figure grid reference of the temple in the settlement of Jolpur. 
  2. i. What does the blue coloured circle in the grid square 0619 represent?          [2]
    ii. What is the compass direction of Dantrai from Jolpur? 
  3. What is the difference between the :                         [2]
    i. Pattern of settlements in 0725 and the settlement of Idarla?
    ii. Drainage pattern of the streams in 0624 and those in 0824?
  4. What is the value of the contour line in square 0226? What is the contour interval in the map?      [2]
  5. Mention any two factors which provide evidence that the region in the map extract is a rural region. [2]
  6. i. How does the feature, indicated by the black curves in 0721, show that rainfall in this region is seasonal? [2]
    ii Mention one man made feature in the map, which also provides evidence that the rainfall is seasonal. 
  7. i. Name two natural features in 0527.         [2]
    ii Name two natural features in 0325.
  8. Name two features which makes Dantrai a more important settlement than the other settlement in the map extract. [2]
  9. Calculate the area of the region which lies to the south of northing 21 in square kilometers. [2]
  10. What are the following? [2]
    i. The black vertical line between eastings 09 and 10
    ii. 302 in grid square 0425.

Chapter 2: Map of India


Q 1. Mark the following on an outline map of India: [10]

  1. Karakoram Pass
  2. Malwa Plateau
  3. Gulf of Mannar
  4. River Godavari
  5. Direction of the South West Monsoon winds arriving into India
  6. Tropic of Cancer
  7. Standard Meridian
  8. Shade a region with Black Cotton Soil
  9. Mumbai High
  10. Mark and name the Nilgiri mountains


Chapter 3: The Climate of India

  1. In what ways does the Himalayas affect the climate of India?             [2]
  2. Name  two  types  of  cyclonic  systems  that  affect  India  and  two  areas  that  receive rainfall from these systems.          [2]
  3. Give two important characteristics of the South West monsoon rainfall.
  4. Name the following:                                                                           [3]
    i.    The thunderstorms accompanied with strong winds and heavy rainfall in west Bengal.
    ii.    The local winds that bring a light rainfall to South India and is good for tea and coffee crops.   
    iii.    A phenomena that causes rainfall over the northern parts of the country and snowfall over the parts of Jammu and Kashmir.  
  5.  Give reasons for the following:                                                             [1X7]
    i. Kochi is warmer than Mumbai even though both lie on the western coast of India.
    ii. The Konkan coast experiences orographic rainfall.
    iii. Western Rajasthan receives no rain from the Arabian Sea branch of the South West Monsoon winds.
    iv. Kolkata receives heavier rainfall than Delhi.
    v. Kanpur has extreme temperature conditions.
    vi. When the Malabar Coast is receiving heavy rainfall in July, the Tamil Nadu coast is comparatively dry.
    vii. Mahabaleshwar received heavier rainfall than Pune.
  6. Study the climate data given below and answer the questions that follow: 

    a. Calculate the total annual rainfall experienced by the station.               [1]
    b. What is the annual range of temperature?                                           [1]
    c. On which coast of India does the station lie? Give reason for your answer.         [1]

Chapter 4: Soil Resources 


  1. Mention two differences between Alluvial Soil and Black Cotton Soil. [2]
  2. What is soil erosion? Mention two steps that could be taken to prevent soil erosion. [2]
  3. State the characteristic of each of the soils named below that makes them most suitable for crop cultivation: [3]
    a. Alluvial soil
    b. Black soil
    c. Red soil
  4. Name the following:                                                   [1X5]
    a. A soil that experiences leaching
    b. One ‘in-situ’ and ‘ex-situ’ soil
    c. A fertile young alluvium soil
    d. A soil which is good for the cultivation of tea and coffee
    e. It forms the second largest soil group in India
  5. Define the following:                                                  [1X7]
    a. Leaching
    b. Gully Erosion
    c. Rill erosion
    d. Sheet Erosion
    e. Stream Bank Erosion
    f. Strip Cropping
    g. Contour Ploughing
  6. Give geographical reasons for the following:                  [1X6]
    a. Different regions in India having different kinds of soil.
    b. Black soil being suitable for growth of cotton.
    c. Reforestation should be practiced extensively.
    d. Alluvial soil differs in texture.
    e. Black soil does not get leached.
    f. Red soil appears red in colour.


Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation


  1. State two differences between tropical evergreen and tropical deciduous forests. [2]
  2. Give two characteristics features of the montane forests. [2]
  3. Give three reasons for rapid depletion of forest resources in India in the past. [3] 
  4. How do trees in the Tropical desert forests adapt themselves to the dry climate? [2]
  5. Explain three ways in which the forests can be conserved. [3]
  6. Identify the tree as per the characteristics mentioned below: [3]
    a. It yields wood that is hard and scented and is used for making aromatic substances.
    b. The furniture made from this tree is generally the most expensive.
    c. It is generally found in the deltaic region and provide hard durable timber.
  7. Mention one importance of the following trees: [1X4]
    a. Babool
    b. Ebony
    c. Teak
    d. Rosewood
  8. Give geographical reasons for the following: [3]
    a. Evergreen forests always appear green.
    b. Forests are important natural resources
    c. Plants in tropical deserts have waxy leaves.
  9. Name two regions in India where these forests are found: [1X4]
    a. Tropical evergreen
    b. Littoral forests
    c. Moist deciduous forests
    d. Scrub vegetation


Chapter 6: Water Resources 


  1. State two reasons why irrigation is important to a country like India. [2]
  2. Why is well irrigation still a popular means of irrigation? Give two reasons to support your answers. [2]
  3. State two reasons why tank irrigation is popular in South India. [2]
  4. What is rain water harvesting? State its two benefits. [3]
  5. State three reasons as to why we should conserve water resources. [3]
  6. Give reasons: [1X5]

a. Canal irrigation leads to the ground around it becoming unproductive.
b. The Northern Plains of India are found suitable for canal irrigation.
c. Although expensive, yet, sprinkler irrigation is gaining popularity in recent times.
d. A tube well should be installed in a fertile and productive region.
e. Well irrigation is not very popular in the peninsular region.


Chapter 7: Mineral Resources

  1. Name the ore of aluminium. Describe two main uses of aluminum. [3]
  2. Name three varieties of iron ore. State one characteristic of each of these ore. [3]
  3. State any two industrial uses of manganese. [2]
  4. Name two states in India where copper is found. State any two of its uses. [3]
  5. Mention any two states where manganese is found. [1]

Chapter 8: Conventional Sources of Energy

  1. Name any three types of coal found in India. Mention one use of each of these varieties. [3]
  2. Name the following: [1X6]
    a. A state where anthracite is found
    b. Two by-products of petroleum
    c. The most productive oil field in India
    d. Biggest and oldest oil field in India
    e. A longest earthen dam in Asia.
    f. First refinery in the private sector.
  3. Give reasons: [3]
    a. Coking coal has a special value.
    b. Petroleum is known as ‘liquid gold’.
    c. Many cities in India have completely switched over to CNG
    4. Discuss three main aims of the Bhakra Nangal Project. [3]
    5. State any two disadvantages of using natural gas. [2]


Chapter 9: Non- Conventional Sources of Energy

  1. Give two advantages that non-conventional energy sources have over conventional energy sources.          [3]
  2. How is bio gas generated? State two main advantages of using bio gas as a fuel.           [3]
  3. What is geothermal energy? State its two main advantages.                  [3]
  4. Mention two advantage of using wind energy.                                       [2]
  5. State two main advantages of tidal energy?                                          [2]


Chapter 10: Agriculture- Food Crops

  1. Distinguish   between   intensive   commercial   farming   and   extensive   commercial farming.             [3]
  2. Differentiate between a Rabi crop and a Kharif crop.                             [2]
  3. Discuss two main institutional factors that have added to the problems of agriculture in India.            [2]
  4. Mention two importance of agriculture in India.                                      [2]
  5. Discuss two main features of mixed farming. State one benefit of mixed farming.          [2]
  6. Look at the picture below and answer the questions that follow:            [1X3]

    a. Identify the crop shown in the picture.
    b. What climatic conditions are required for the cultivation of this crop?
    c. Name a state which leads in the production of this crop.
  7. With reference to rice cultivation answer the following: [2]
    a. Why does rice grow well in a soil with a clay like subsoil?
    b. What is the advantage of growing rice in nurseries before it is transplanted?

  8. Discuss the requirements of growing wheat crop with reference to: [3]
    a. Temperature
    b. Rainfall
    c. Soil

  9. Give reason: [2]
    a. Pulses are rotated with other crops.
    b. Millets are known as dry crops 

Chapter 11: Agriculture- Cash Crops

  1. Define the following: [3]
    a. Ratooning
    b. Ginning
    c. Retting
  2. State climatic conditions and soil required for the growth of sugarcane. [2]
  3. Give geographical reasons: [1X10]
    a. Regular pruning is essential for tea bushes.
    b. Coffee beans are roasted.
    c. Cotton grows widely in Maharashtra
    d. Clonal planting is the best method of tea propagation.
    e. Oilseeds are an important commercial crop grown in India.
    f. Tea is cultivated on hill slopes.
    g. The yield per hectare of sugarcane is higher in the Southern states.
    h. Mustard is mainly grown in Sutlej Ganga Plain region.
    i. Women are usually employed for tea plucking.
    j. Silver oak and banana trees are grown on coffee plantations.
  4. Explain the following terms: [2]
    a. Bud grafting
    b. Oil cake
  5. Study the picture below and answer the following questions: [3]

    a. Identify the crop in the picture/
    b. State climatic conditions and soil type suitable for the growth of this crop.
    c. Name two states that lead in the production of this crop.

Chapter 12: Agro based Industries

  1. Give two reasons for the importance of the jute industry in the Ganga Brahmaputra delta region. [2]
  2. Mention two problems of the cotton textile industry in India. [2]
  3. Mention three problems of the jute textile industry in India. [3]
  4. Mention three factors that have helped the sugar industry flourish in the peninsular region rather than in the northern regions of India. [3]
  5. Give reasons for the following: [1X6]
    a. It is necessary to crush sugarcane within 24 hours of harvesting.
    b. Sericulture flourished in Karnataka.
    c. Kolkata is an important cotton manufacturing center even though West Bengal is not a leading producer of cotton.
    d. Cotton textile industry is an agro based industry.
    e. Cotton industry is more widespread than the jute industry.
    f. India produces very little cane-sugar though it is one of the largest producers of sugarcane in the world.
  6. State one function of the following: [3]
    a. Molasses
    b. Bagasse
    c. Press mud

Chapter 13: Mineral based Industries

  1. Why is the iron and steel industry called a basic industry? [2]
  2. Define a mini steel plant. [2]
  3. With regard to the electronic industry, answer the following questions: [3]
    a. What is the significance of the electronic industry in recent times?
    b. Name two cities that have leading Software Companies
    c. Name two products of the electronic industry.
  4. Where do the following iron and steel plants get their supply of coal and iron ore from? [2]
    a. Tata iron and steel company
    b. Rourkela
  5. Mini steel plants causes less pollution than integrated steel plants. Give reason. [2]
  6. With regard to the petrochemical industry, answer the following questions: [1X4]
    a. Name two raw materials used in the petrochemical industry.
    b. Products made from petrochemicals are growing in popularity. Give reason.
    c. Name two products of this industry.
    d. Name the first integrated petrochemical plant in India.


Chapter 14: Transport

  1. Why is road transport in India considered more useful than rail transport? State two reasons. [2]
  2. State one advantage and one disadvantage of inland waterways. [2]
  3. With regard to the road transport, answer the following questions: [3]
    a. State one economic benefit of the Golden Quadrilateral Project.
    b. State one important difference between an expressway and a highway.
    c. Name the first expressway constructed in the country.
  4. Give reasons: [3]
    a. Railways have helped in industrialisation.
    b. Rich section of people prefers to travel by airway.
    c. Air transport is of great importance during natural calamity.
  5. Discuss two advantages and two disadvantages of water transport. [2]


Chapter 15: Waste Management

  1. Define the following terms: [1X5]
    a. Biomagnification
    b. Eutrophication
    c. Sanitary landfill
    d. Composting
    e. Greenhouse effect
  2. How does waste accumulation affect the environment? [2]
  3. What is acid rain? Mention two of its effects. [3]
  4. Give reason: [1X3]
    a. Waste segregation is important.
    b. Nuclear waste is harmful.
    c. Composting has become a popular method of waste decomposition.
  5. With reference to global warming, answer the following questions:
    a. Name two human activities that has resulted in global warming. [2]
    b. Discuss three effects of global warming. [3]