ICSE Class 10 Comprehension and Composition Revision Notes for Speech Writing
Introduction to Speech Writing
What is a Speech?
A speech is a spoken discourse or an expression of ideas that is delivered in front of an audience by the speaker.
A speech can perform one or more of the following functions:
- To convince the audience: 'Reasons why I Believe Indians don‟t have Civic Sense'
- To provoke the audience to take an action: 'Report Corruption to Kill Corruption'
- To inspire the audience: 'Do One Good Deed A Day'
- To inform the audience: 'Beauty Magazines Promote Low Self-esteem'
Format of a Speech
Like other forms of composition, a speech also comprises an introduction, supporting ideas and a conclusion.
The format of a speech:
How to Write a Speech
- Before one starts writing, ask three questions:
- What is the purpose of the speech?
- Who is the audience?
- How long will the speech last?
Engage in brainstorming and uncover all the points that could be made in the speech.
Structure your writing. Divide your speech into three paragraphs that have an introduction, a body and a conclusion. The introductory paragraph should also contain an address or a greeting to the audience (refer to the example on page 2).
Always state the purpose behind the speech.
Create a rough outline of the speech before writing.
Write from the perspective of the listener, not the speaker. Good speeches are written keeping the audience in mind.
Use pronouns such as „You‟ and „We‟ to address the audience. This adds a personal touch to the speech.
Refer to yourself in the first person by using pronouns such as „I‟ and „Me‟.
Use repetitions of words and phrases to create an impact.
Make use of transition words and phrases to connect points in a smooth and logical manner.
Make the speech memorable by using metaphors, similes and other analogies.
As a speaker, exhibit moral conviction in your speech. Employ a sombre tone to address a serious topic. Do not use humour or sound flippant when talking about a sensitive issue. This will affect your credibility as a speaker.
Ask rhetorical questions for maximised effect. Rhetorical questions are those that are asked to make a point rather than to elicit an answer in order to get a kind of response you expect from the audience.
In the concluding paragraph, state your vision for the future or your hopes.
Conclude the speech by thanking the audience or by stating a powerful quote.