Chapter 22 : Sources of Waste - Frank Solutions for Class 9 Biology ICSE

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Chapter 22 - Sources of Waste Excercise 208

Question 1
Give two examples of domestic wastes.
Solution 1
Examples of domestic waste are left over food items, faeces and urine, broken nails. (Write any two)
Question 2
What is a waste?
Solution 2
Waste is a product of human activity, generated from a great variety of sources.
Question 3
What is garbage?
Solution 3
Garbage refers to refuse consisting largely of easily decomposable and putrefying organic (animal and vegetable) waste.
Question 4
Give two examples of commercial waste.
Solution 4
Waste paper, empty printer cartridges, boxes and packaging, scrap metal etc.
(Write any two)
Question 5
What are the basic sources of wastes?
Solution 5
The basic sources of waste are:
(i) Kitchen
(ii) Industry
(iii) Agricultural land
(iv) Municipality
(v) Offices
Question 6
What kind of waste causes viral and bacterial disease transmission?
Solution 6
Human waste
Question 7
Name one kind of industry that produces hazardous wastes?
Solution 7
Construction unit
Question 8
What does sewage comprise of?
Solution 8
Sewage is a complex mixture of many distinctive chemicals. It has high concentrations of ammonium nitrate, phosphorous and many dissolved solids.
Question 9
What are the hazardous wastes generated from agricultural wastes?
Solution 9
Crop residues, fertilizers, insecticides, herbicides and farmyard waste.
Question 10
Give the importance of sound sewage system.
Solution 10
Sound sewage system prevents environmental pollution and requires efficient management of collection, treatment and recycling or safe disposal of sewage. It also prevents serious health hazards including viral and bacterial disease transmission.
Question 11
What are the environmental impacts of construction due to growing urbanization and development?
Solution 11
Due to growing urbanization and development, large quantities of waste is generated due to construction work, some of which includes building materials used for insulation, broken nails, electrical wiring, switches, bulbs, wood, rubble etc. Many hazardous wastes such as lead, asbestos, paints etc. are also generated by construction units. All these lead to environmental pollution. Also there is the problem of disposing off these wastes safely without harming the environment.
Question 12
What do you mean by e-waste?
Solution 12
E-waste or electronic waste refers to loosely discarded, surplus, obsolete, or broken electronic or electrical devices.
Question 13
Give two examples of e-waste.
Solution 13
Discarded computers and broken cell phones
Question 14
Name two biodegradable wastes from offices.
Solution 14
Used paper and old furniture
Question 15
What does mining waste comprise of? What hazards do they pose to environment?
Solution 15
Mining waste includes waste generated during the extraction, beneficiation and processing of minerals. This comprises slimes, gangue, tailing piles and leach residues.
Hazards posed by mining include:
(a) Release of harmful gases such as methane.
(b) Elimination of existing vegetation and destruction of the genetic profile of soil.
(c) Continuous mining at a place can displace or destroy wildlife and habitat.
Question 16
What do you mean by industrial wastes?
Solution 16
Waste that is produced by any industrial activity such as that from factories, mills and mines is called industrial waste.
Question 17
Each question has four options. Choose the correct answer:
(i) Most harmful type of environmental pollutants are
(a) human organic wastes
(b) natural nutrients in excess
(c) waste animal feed
(d) non-biodegradable chemicals
(ii) Continuous sewage flow into a stream would lead to
(a) eutrophication
(b) algal bloom
(c) depletion of oxygen
(d) increase in temperature
(iii) Pollution can be checked through
(a) reducing discharge of waste
(b) increasing industrial development
(c) throwing wastes in open spaces
(d) all the above
(iv) Domestic waste constitutes
(a) non-biodegradable pollution
(b) biodegradable pollution
(c) effluents
(d) air pollution
(v) Which one is biological in sewage treatment?
(a) primary treatment
(b) secondary treatment
(c) tertiary treatment
(d) all the above
(vi) Biodegradable pollutant is
(a) plastic
(b) asbestos
(c) sewage
(d) mercury
(vii) Which one is most toxic?
(a) Carbon
(b) CO
(c) CO2
(d) SO2
(viii) Fish die in water bodies polluted by sewage due to
(a) pathogens
(b) clogging of gills by silt
(c) reduction in oxygen
(d) foul smell
(ix) Huge quantity of sewage is dumped in a river. The BOD will
(a) increase
(b) decrease
(c) slightly decrease
(d) remain uncharged
(x) BOD is
(a) Biological Oxygen Deficit
(b) Biosphere Oxygen Demand
(c) Biological Oxygen Demand
(d) All the above
Solution 17
(i) (d)Non-biodegradable chemicals
(ii) (a) Eutrophication
(iii) (a) reducing discharge of waste
(iv) (b) biodegradable pollution
(v) (b) secondary treatment
(vi) (c) sewage
(vii) (b) CO
(viii) (c) reduction in oxygen
(ix) (a) increase
(x) (c) Biological Oxygen Demand