Chapter 14 : Health Organisations - Frank Solutions for Class 10 Biology ICSE
Biology is one of the crucial subjects in ICSE Class 10. ICSE Class 10 Biology speaks about the cell as the basic unit of life, genes, and evolution and deals with how living organisms interact with the environment, including the behavior of living beings. TopperLearning is one of the premier online platforms which helps students of ICSE Class 10 to study various concepts in Biology.
Chapter 14 - Health Organisations Excercise 169
(i) Diseases caused by pathogens.
(ii) Diseases occurring due to degeneration of the tissue.
(iii) Diseases caused due to hypersensitivity.
(iv) Diseases occurring due to malnutrition.
(v) Promotes medical education and training.
(ii) Heart disease, Osteoporosis (bones), Parkinson's disease (CNS) etc are examples of degenerative diseases.
(iii) Asthma, hay fever, skin allergies are diseases caused by hypersensitivity.
(iv) Kwashiorkor, Marasmus, Beriberi are diseases caused due to malnutrition.
(v) WHO, the World Health Organization, promotes medical education and training.
(i) WHO (ii) Red cross
(iii) Functions of WHO (iv) Quarantine regulations
(v) Radiation hazards
(ii) Red Cross: It is an international body founded in 1864 to provide medical aid during emergency conditions such as war. The emblem of Red Cross is a red coloured cross painted on a white background. It provides medical help to the victims of war and natural calamities in the form of blood and first-aid. Red Cross also organizes workshops to educate people on prevention of accidents.
(iii) The functions of WHO are:
(a) It promotes medical education and training to all the countries.
(b) It collects information and supplies information about the health, epidemic and endemic diseases all over the world.
(c) It encourages research and development of international pharmaceutical products.
(d) It suggests quarantine measures to prevent epidemics like plague, cholera etc.
(e) WHO also finance international research programmes on health like eradication of malaria, smallpox etc.
(iv) Quarantine regulations: Quarantine is the limitation on the freedom of movement of an individual or any material so as to prevent spread of contagious diseases.
The suspected person or material is detained at the port of entry to prevent disease from entering a country. These quarantine regulations are laid down by WHO and they also decide the validity period of vaccination certificates.
(v) Radiation hazards: X-rays and radiations from atomic energy are harmful to all living organisms as they can cause burns, cancer or even death. To prevent this, WHO keeps all countries informed and up-to-date about radiation hazards and gives particular attention to the training of workers who can deal with these hazards.
(a) To provide information on diseases of epidemic nature.
(b) To provide quarantine measures for prevention of spread of diseases.
(a) To provide medical aid and relief to the victims of natural calamities.
(b) To provide blood to the victims of war.
(i) Asthma is ______ disease. (hypersensitivity, contaminated, communicable)
(ii) Penicillin is an ______. (antibiotic, antianalgeric, antipyretic)
(iii) Kwashiorkor is a ______ disease.(deficiency, communicable, non-communicable)
World health Organization is a health organization which works at international level to remove sufferings, promote proper growth and development of children. It was formed with the purpose of coordinating and directing international health work.
Chapter 14 - Health Organisations Excercise 170
(i) World Health Day (WHO) was formed in
(a) 1940 (b) 1948
(c) 1973 (d) 1975
(ii) World Health Day is celebrated on
(a) August 29 (b) January 30
(c) April 7 (d) May 8
(iii) The global strategy for "health for all" was adopted by WHO in
(a) 1980 (b) 1975
(c) 1981 (d) 1983
(iv) To prevent, control and treat cholera disease, our government has introduced which programme
(a) NFCP (b) NCCP
(c) NLCP (d) NMEP
(v) WHO has a headquarter at
(a) Moscow (b) Washington
(c) New York (d) Geneva
(vi) Red Cross was formally founded in
(a) 1870 (b) 1864
(c) 1859 (d) 1862
(vii) The major agencies of the United Nations Organization (UNO) are
(a) UNICEF (b) UNDP
(c) WHO (d) all the above
(viii) Air-borne disease is
(a) diarrhoea (b) tuberculosis
(c) dengue fever (d) none of these
(ix) Water-borne disease is
(a) typhoid (b) malaria
(c) influenza (d) pneumonia
(x) Vector-borne disease(s) is/are
(a) malaria (b) cholera
(c) yellow fever (d) (a) and (c)
(ii) (c) April 7
(iii) (C) 1981
(iv) (b) NCCP
(v) (d) Geneva
(vi) (b) 1864
(vii) (d) All of these
(viii) (b) Tuberculosis
(ix) (a) Typhoid
(x) (d) (a) and (c)
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