Chapter 13 : Health - Frank Solutions for Class 10 Biology ICSE
Biology is one of the crucial subjects in ICSE Class 10. ICSE Class 10 Biology speaks about the cell as the basic unit of life, genes, and evolution and deals with how living organisms interact with the environment, including the behavior of living beings. TopperLearning is one of the premier online platforms which helps students of ICSE Class 10 to study various concepts in Biology.
Chapter 13 - Health Excercise 162
(i) Disease (ii) Health
(iii) Vaccinations (iv) Immunity
(v) Antiseptic (vi) Cancer
(vii) Allergy (viii) Hypersensitivity
(ix) Immunization (x) Disinfectant
(xi) Penicillin (xii) Suphonamide drugs
(xiii) Acquired disease (xiv) Prophylaxis
(ii) Health: Health is a state of complete mental, physical and social well being.
(iii) Vaccinations: It is the practice of introducing vaccine (weakend or killed germs) into the body to develop immunity to a particular disease.
(iv) Immunity: It is the ability of the body to resist microorganisms that enter the body and thus prevent diseases.
(v) Antiseptic: Antiseptics are chemicals applied on the body to prevent the growth of microorganisms.
(vi) Cancer: Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body.
(vii) Allergy: Allergy is a hypersensitive state acquired through exposure to a particular allergen such as drugs, pollens or microorganisms.
(viii) Hypersensitivity: It refers to undesirable and excessive reactions in response to an allergen produced by the normal immune system.
(ix) Immunization: It is the process by which the body is protected against disease by inoculating the person with vaccine.
(x) Disinfectant: Disinfectants are chemicals applied on the spots to prevent the growth of microorganisms.
(xi) Penicillin: It is an antibiotic which was discovered firstly from a fungus , Penicillium notatum.
(xii) Sulphonamide drugs: Sulphonamide drugs are a group of synthetic drugs which prevent the growth and multiplication of bacteria. They are commonly called as sulpha drugs.
(xiii) Acquired disease: Acquired diseases are those diseases which are caused by a pathogen or deficiency diseases.
(xiv) Prophylaxis: A prophylaxis is a measure taken to maintain health and prevent the spread of disease.
(xv) Antibiotic: Antibiotics are the chemical substances formed from microorganisms which kill or prevent the growth of disease causing microbes.
(i) Antigen and Antibody
(ii) Antiseptic and Antibiotics
(iii) Serum and Plasma
(iv) Toxins and Antitoxins
(v) Vaccination and Sterilization
(vi) Disinfectant and Antiseptic
(vii) Active immunity and Passive immunity
(viii) Acquired disease and Congenital disease
(i) Mucus secretions from windpipe
(ii) Hydrochloric secretions from stomach
(iii) Tears from eyes.
(ii) Antibiotic: Antibiotic is a natural chemical substance produced by a microorganism, which inhibits or kills another microorganism. Example: Penicillin
(i) Providing readymade antibodies from outside for treating certain infectious diseases.
(ii) Mild chemical applied on the skin to kill germs.
Penicillin obtained from a fungus is an ______. (antiseptic/ antibody/ antibiotic)
Chapter 13 - Health Excercise 163
(ii) Penicillin: Penicillin is the first antibiotic discovered by Alexander Fleming. It is obtained from Penicillium notatum. It has a very high therapeutic value and used against a number of gram positive bacteria including those causing Rheumatic fever , pneumonia , sore throat etc.
(iii) Sulphonamides: Sulphonamides popularly called sulpha drugs are a group of synthetic drugs which possess bacteriostatic property because they are able to block the enzyme system of bacteria.
(iv) Vaccines: Vaccine is a preparation consisting of dead or weakend microbes which help to build immunity in the human body .When introduced in an individual, a vaccine stimulates the production of antibodies against the particular type of germs.
(i) Antibodies are ______.
(ii) Antibodies are produced on exposure to ______.
(iii) ______ is an antibiotic, used to treat diseases like pneumonia and ______.
(iii) Penicillin, rheumatic fever
(i) DDT is a disinfectant.
(ii) Penicillin is a disinfectant.
(iii) Chemicals applied to spots and places to kill harmful microorganism are called disinefectants.
(iv) Our body can make only a limited variety of different antibodies.
(v) Salk vaccine is used against tuberculosis.
(vi) Active immunity means that antibodies are produced by the individual itself.
(vii) Passive immunity develops after having a disease.
(viii) WHO procures and provides blood to victims of war.
Chapter - Excercise
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