Question
Wed April 08, 2015 By: Vatsal Choudhary

What led to civil wars in Sri Lanka?

Expert Reply
Akanksha Kaul
Wed April 08, 2015

The following instances gave rise to civil war in Sri Lanka:

  • After Sri Lanka gaining independence in 1948, the Sinhala community leaders, on the basis of majority, sought to secure dominance over the government.
  • This resulted in establishment of Sinhala supremacy by adopting a series of majoritarian measures.
  • In 1956, an Act passed Sinhala as the only recognised official language of the country.
  • The government favoured the Sinhala applicants in education, jobs and in many fields.
  • Also, the government stipulated that people should foster and protect Buddhism.
  • The Tamils were denied equal political rights and their interests were ignored.
  • As a result, the relations between the Sinhala and the Tamils communities got strained over time.
All these reasons made the Tamils feel discriminated and lead to distrust between the communities. 
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