What led to civil wars in Sri Lanka?
The following instances gave rise to civil war in Sri Lanka:
- After Sri Lanka gaining independence in 1948, the Sinhala community leaders, on the basis of majority, sought to secure dominance over the government.
- This resulted in establishment of Sinhala supremacy by adopting a series of majoritarian measures.
- In 1956, an Act passed Sinhala as the only recognised official language of the country.
- The government favoured the Sinhala applicants in education, jobs and in many fields.
- Also, the government stipulated that people should foster and protect Buddhism.
- The Tamils were denied equal political rights and their interests were ignored.
- As a result, the relations between the Sinhala and the Tamils communities got strained over time.