what can be done to prevent cancer, and other non communicable diseases
Many factors play a role in cancer development, but it has been found that most can be avoided. Some ways of reducing cancer risk are:
- Avoid smoking and exposure to smoke
- Practice sun safety and recognize when skin changes occur.
- Eat a well-balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables since it is advantageous for many reasons. Also limit intake of red meat and animal fat
- Limit the alcohol intake
- Exercise regularly since when you are exercise, you are reducing your risk for many types of cancer
- Know your personal and family medical history. This is important to properly assess your risk factor for certain types of cancer. Certain cancers like breast, colon, ovarian, and possibly other types can be hereditary.
- Know what you're being exposed to in your work environment. Chemicals in the workplace may increase your risk of developing many types of cancer, including kidney cancer and bladder cancer. Fumes, dust, chemicals, gasoline, diesel exhaust, arsenic, beryllium, vinyl chloride, nickel chromates, coal products, mustard gas, and chloromethyl ethers are all carcinogens and can be found in some work environments.
- Get screened for cancer regularly. Cancer screening tests can be useful not only in detecting cancer, but also helping prevent it. Screening tests like the colonoscopy and Pap smear can detect abnormal cellular changes before they turn cancerous. The key to their effectiveness, however, is that they are done regularly.