Please explain Displacement with a practical example?
A displacement is the shortest distance from the initial to the final position of a point P. Thus, it is the length of an imaginary straight path, typically distinct from the path actually travelled by P. A displacement vector represents the length and direction of that imaginary straight path.
A position vector expresses the position of a point P in space in terms of a displacement from an arbitrary reference point O (typically the origin of a coordinate system). Namely, it indicates both the distance and direction of an imaginary motion along a straight line from the reference position to the actual position of the point.
A displacement may be also described as a relative position: the final position of a point () relative to its initial position (), and a displacement vector can be mathematically defined as the difference between the final and initial position vectors: