How has india achieved self-suffficiency in food grains since independence? Describe
India has become self sufficient in foodgrains during the last thirty years because of variety of crops grown all over the country. It has been achieved through the advent of the Green revolution in the early ‘70s. A well designed food security system has been initiated by the government. It has two components - buffer stock and public distribution system.
Buffer stock is the sufficient stock of food grains. Mainly wheat and rice are stored as they are consumed by a large number of people in India.
Food purchased by the Food Corporation of India is distributed among the poor sections of society in a controlled way through ration shops. This system is known as the public distribution system. The ration or fair price shops sell food grains and other essential commodities to poor people at prices lower than the market rates.
Four schemes which have been launched by the government to ensure food security to the poorer section of society are as follows:
Revamped Public Distribution System (RPDS) was introduced in 1992 in 1700 blocks in the country. The scheme aimed at the provision of food grains in the remote and backward areas of the country.
Targeted Public Distribution System (TPDS) was launched in 1997 which targeted the policy of providing food grains to all poor sections of people in different areas. Under this system, a different price policy was adopted for poor and non-poor people.
Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) was introduced in 2000. About ten million of the poorest people were identified, and highly subsidised food grains were provided to them at highly subsidised prices.
Annapurna Scheme (APS) was introduced in 2000 for the poorest of poor and destitute senior citizens. Through this scheme, it was decided to provide 10 kg of food grains to poor families per month free of cost.