Question
Sun April 15, 2012 By:

How can we chage a sphere without using another sphere?

Expert Reply
Tue April 17, 2012
There are a variety of methods to charge an object. One method is known as induction. In the induction process, a charged object is brought near but not touched to a neutral conducting object. The presence of a charged object near a neutral conductor will force (or induce) electrons within the conductor to move. The movement of electrons leaves an imbalance of charge on opposite sides of the neutral conductor. While the overall object is neutral (i.e., has the same number of electrons as protons), there is an excess of positive charge on one side of the object and an excess of negative charge on the opposite side of the object. Once the charge has been separated within the object, a ground is brought near and touched to one of the sides. The touching of the ground to the object permits a flow of electrons between the object and the ground. The flow of electrons results in a permanent charge being left upon the object. When an object is charged by induction, the charge received by the object is opposite the charge of the object which was used to charge it.
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