Explain Cropping Pattern in detail?
There are three types of cropping patterns:
1) Mixed Cropping:
- Growing two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land.
- Minimises the risk of crop failure.
- Seeds of two crops are mixed before sowing.
- Pest control of individual crop is difficult.
- Separate harvesting and threshing of individual crops is not possible.
- Crops yield can be increased.
- Example: Wheat + Gram, Wheat + Mustard, Groundnut + Sunflower
- Growing two or more crops simultaneously in the same field in a definite pattern.
- increases the productivity per unit area.
- Pesticides can be easily applied to individual crop.
- Both crops can be easily harvested and threshed.
- Soil erosion is reduced.
- Allows better use of natural resources such as light, soil air and water.
- Example: Soyabean + Maize, Finger millet (Bajra) + Cowpea (lobia)
3) Crop Rotation:
- Growing of different crops on the same land in pre-planned succession.
- Allows soil to recover its lost nutrients.
- Helps to control pests, weeds and diseases.
- Helps to reduce the use of chemical fertilisers.
- Example: Maize-Mustard, Rice-Wheat, Maize-Mustard-Sugarcane-Fenugreek, Maize-Potato-Sugarcane-Peas