Write a short note on the wide variety of fauna in India.
India has a wide variety of fauna. The country has 90,000 species of animals and about 2,000 species of birds. India has 5-8% of the world’s share of reptiles, amphibians and mammals.
While elephants are found in the forests of Assam, Karnataka and Kerala, the unique species of the one-horned rhinoceros is found in the swampy and marshy conditions of Assam and West Bengal.
India is the only country in the world which has both tigers and lions. While the Gir forests of Gujarat are the last natural habitat of Asiatic lions, the royal Bengal tigers are found in the Sundarban delta.
In the Himalayan regions, many animals such as yak, snow leopard and wild ox are found. These animals have thick fur on them to survive in extremely cold climatic conditions.
In rivers and coastal areas, turtles, crocodiles and gharials are found. In India, more than 2,500 species of fishes are found which contribute nearly 12% of the world stock.
Varieties of birds are also found in India. Peacocks, ducks, pheasants, parakeets, pigeons and cranes are some of the common birds found in India.
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