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Why only 3 isomers of bromopentane are possible?

Asked by 28th March 2013, 11:35 AM
Answered by Expert
Answer:
There are numerous possible constitutional isomers of bromopentane.  Specifically, the bromine atom can be attached to any of the carbon atoms (although there are only three unique possibilities because the 2 end carbons are identical).  So you could have: 
1-bromopentane 
2-bromopentane   
3-bromopentane 

Then you can also have different connectivity between the carbon atoms.  So pentane can either be normal pentane (5 carbons in a row), or it can be a branched structure.  There is only one unique branched structure for pentane, which is called 2-methylbutane.  So, starting with this branched version of pentane, you could have: 
1-bromo-2-methylpentane 
2-bromo-2-methylpentane 
2-bromo-3-methylpentane 
1-bromo-3-methylpentane
Answered by Expert 31st March 2013, 6:38 AM
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