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why does magnesium show hcp but not copper

Asked by banga71 14th April 2017, 10:53 AM
Answered by Expert
  • The crystal structure adopted by a particular metal at a given temperature and pressure will be the structure which provides for the minimisation of free energy.
  • The atoms of the metal will form arrangements which ensure that the electron orbitals that bond them have the repulsion/attraction due to bond length all contribute to the lowest energy state. 
  • Each metal has a slightly different metallic radius, which is defined as half of the distance between the two adjacent metal ions in the metallic lattice.
  • Depending on the metallic radius, the lowest energy state would be achieved by different atomic arrangements. 
  • For the alkaline earth metals with the smaller metallic radii (beryllium and magnesium), the lowest energy state is the HCP structure.
  • To achive lowest energy level, copper forms FCC.
Answered by Expert 15th April 2017, 9:25 PM
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