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CBSE - X - Physics - The Human Eye and The Colourful World

why do clouds sometimes appear black? especially on a day of heavy rain?

Asked by Paraukkhal 8th February 2011, 11:43 AM
Answered by Expert


Dear student
Cloud droplets tend to scatter light efficiently, so that the intensity of the solar radiation decreases with depth into the gases. As a result, the cloud base can vary from a very light to very dark grey depending on the cloud's thickness and how much light is being reflected or transmitted back to the observer. Thin clouds may look white or appear to have acquired the color of their environment or background.
As a cloud matures, the dense water droplets may combine to produce larger droplets, which may combine to form droplets large enough to fall as rain. By this process of accumulation, the space between droplets becomes increasingly larger, permitting light to penetrate farther into the cloud. If the cloud is sufficiently large and the droplets within are spaced far enough apart, it may be that a percentage of the light which enters the cloud is not reflected back out before it is absorbed thus giving it a blackish appearance.
We hope this clarifies your doubt.
Answered by Expert 8th February 2011, 1:36 PM

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