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why aniline is meta directing not ortho directing

Asked by vikash040988yadav 27th March 2017, 9:43 PM
Answered by Expert
Amino group in aniline is ortho and para directing while aniline hydrogen chloride is meta directing.
This is because NH2 group in aniline is highly activating group.
A lone pair of electrons is present on N which releases the electron density to the benzene ring and hence activates the benzene ring towards electrophilic substitution reactions at ortho and para positions.
Answered by Expert 28th March 2017, 5:07 PM
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