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Which d orbitals are involved in sp3d2 and d2sp3 hybridization respectively ?

Asked by anirbanbag81 3rd January 2018, 5:54 PM
Answered by Expert
Answer:
sp3d2 or d2sp3 are hybridisation for the octahedral geometry.
In octahedron, the bonds are formed parallel to the x, y, and z-axes, hence dx2-dy2 and dz2 will be used to form the hybrid orbitals.
 

Coordination number

Type of hybridization

Distribution of hybrid orbitals in space

Types of d orbitals

4

sp3

Tetrahedral

 

4

dsp2

Square planar

dx2-y2

5

sp3d

Trigonal bipyramidal

dz2

6

sp3d2 (nd orbitals are involved; outer orbital complex or high-spin or spin-free complex)

Octahedral

dx2-dy2 and dz2

6

d2sp3 [(n − 1)d orbitals are involved; inner orbital complex or low-spin or spin-paired complex]

Octahedral

dx2-dy2 and dz2

Answered by Expert 4th January 2018, 10:17 AM
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