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What was the immediate cause of the First World War?

Asked by Topperlearning User 7th April 2015, 9:39 AM
Answered by Expert

Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary was assassinated at Sarajevo, the capital of Bosnia on June 28, 1914. The assassination was done by a secret society called ‘Black Hand’ or ‘Union of Death’. It was an organisation of extremist Serbian nationalists who wanted to unite all Serbians into a single Serbian State. As a result of the assassination, Austria served an ultimatum to Serbia on July 23 making eleven demands. Serbia accepted most of them, except those which would compromise her sovereignty.

As a response, Austria declared war on Serbia on July 28, 1914. Russia started preparations to support Serbia in the war. As a result, Germany declared war on Russia on August 1, 1914; and on August 3, on France. German troops marched into Belgium to press on to France on August 4 and on that day itself England declared war on Germany.

Hence, the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand proved to be the immediate cause of the First World War.

Answered by Expert 7th April 2015, 11:39 AM
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