What is the relation between occupational structure and development? What is the main occupational structure of the people in India?
The development of a nation depends on the kind of activities its population is engaged in. Basically, there are three main kinds of occupations - primary, secondary and tertiary.
Primary occupations include activities such as agriculture, mining, fishing and forestry. Secondary occupations include processing of minerals, manufacturing industries and construction. Tertiary activities include the provision of various services such as banking, transport and commerce.
We find that in underdeveloped and developing nations, people are mostly engaged in primary activities as their main occupations are agriculture and fishing. In developed nations, people are engaged in secondary activities as they work mostly in industries.
If we take a look at the occupational structure of India, we will find that 64% of its population is engaged in agriculture, while 13% to 20% of the people are engaged in secondary and tertiary activities. This shows that India is still a developing nation.
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