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what is the difference between DNA and RNA

Asked by smarttech2090 26th November 2017, 12:08 PM
Answered by Expert
Answer:
 
 

Characteristic

DNA

RNA

Sugar molecules

Contains the sugar deoxyribose

Contain the sugar ribose

Appearance

DNA is a double-stranded molecule

RNA is a single stranded molecule

Nitrogenous bases

Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine

Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Uracil

Base Pairing

(A-T) Adenine pairs with Thymine and (C-G) Cytosine pairs with Guanine

(A-U) Adenine pairs with Uracil and (C-G) Cytosine pairs with Guanine

Stability

DNA is stable under alkaline conditions

Unstable

Location

Nucleus and Mitochondria

Nucleus, Cytoplasm and Ribosome

Functions

DNA is responsible for storing and transferring genetic information

RNA acts as a messenger between DNA and ribosomes to make proteins.

Answered by Expert 26th November 2017, 6:02 PM
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