Rapid expansion in cultivation took place in the colonial period. Give reasons.
Cultivation expanded rapidly in the colonial period for the following reasons:
• There was a rise in demand for the commercial crops (jute, sugar, wheat and cotton) in 19th century Europe because of the increase in the population. Further, the demand for raw materials like cotton to be used in the industries also went up. To meet the requirements, the British encouraged the expansion of cultivation.
• In early 19th century, colonial state thought that since forests were unproductive it was better to bring them under cultivation, so that the land could yield agricultural products and revenue, and enhance the income of the state.
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