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Question:A particle having a mass of 10–2 kg carries a charge of 5 × 10–6 C. The particle is given an initial horizontal velocity of 105 ms–1 in the presence of electric field  and magnetic field . To keep the particle moving in a horizontal direction, it is necessary that
    (1)  should be perpendicular to the direction of velocity and  should be along the direction of velocity.
    (2) Both  and  should be along the direction of velocity.
    (3) Both  and  are mutually perpendicular and perpendicular to the direction of velocity.
    (4)  should be along the direction of velocity and  should be perpendicular to the direction of velocity.
    Which one of the following pairs of statements is possible?

 
1.   (1) and (3) 
2. (3) and (4)
3.  (2) and (3) 
4.  (2) and (4)

Asked by minipkda 26th May 2019, 3:17 PM
Answered by Expert
Answer:
Answer :-  pair of statements (2) and (3) is possible
 
Explanation :-
 
for statement (2) :
If both the fields are along the direction of velocity of charged particle, magnetic field will not deflect the charged particle
and charged particle will move in the direction of electric field
 
for statement (3) :-
let us assume the charged particle is moving along the direction of x-axis of cartesian coordinate system.
If magnetic field is along y-axis, v×B force is acting along the direction z-axis . If electric fileld is in the direction of  -z axis,
then force due to electric field is exactly in opposite direction to the force due to electric field. By adjusting the field intensity,
we can get two forces acting on charged particle that are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction so that net force is zero
and charged particle will not be deflected
Answered by Expert 26th May 2019, 3:42 PM
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