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  1. list and explain the abiotic components of an ecosystem

Asked by Chandrashekhar 17th August 2018, 2:09 PM
Answered by Expert

The abiotic components are non-living components of an ecosystem.


  • The energy obtained from sunlight is essential for the production of food by photosynthesis.


  • Oxygen from the air is essential to animals for respiration.
  • Carbon dioxide is useful to plants for photosynthesis.
  • Air serves as a medium for the flight of birds, insects etc.
  • Air is an agent for the dispersal of seeds, fruits, flowers, pollen etc.


  • Water is used by plants and animals for drinking and various other purposes.
  • Water is the chief constituent of protoplasm in cells.
  • It is required for various biochemical reactions which occur in organisms.
  • It helps to transport nutrients and excretory products in organisms.


  • Temperature affects the distribution of living organisms in the environment.
  • It affects the enzymatic activities in organisms.
  • Hot, mild or cold temperature influences the kind of body functions of plants and animals living in such areas.
  • Most plants and animals survive between 10°C and 40°C.


  • Soil provides the substratum for the growth of plants.
  • It contains water and mineral nutrients such as sodium and potassium required by plants.
  • Soil also provides a dwelling place for burrowing animals such as rats, snakes and earthworms which even swallow the mud containing dead organic matter.
  • In deserts, soil provides support to plants such as prickly pear and date palms.
  • Even water bodies have some soil at the bottom which is required by organisms living there.
Answered by Expert 20th August 2018, 3:37 PM
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