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how we can know that a particular element is from which particular group or period?

Asked by sanjay.patwardhan5 25th January 2016, 10:28 AM
Answered by Expert

A group is determined by the number of electrons in the outermost shell.

For example:

Sodium with atomic number 11 has electronic configuration 2, 8, 1.

It has one electron in the outermost shell hence it is placed in Group 1.

Similarly, magnesium with atomic number 12, electronic configuration 2, 8, 2 is placed in group2.

The number of shells present in an atom determines its period.

For example:

Elements of period one like hydrogen and helium have one shell.

Elements of period 3 like sodium and magnesium have three shell.

Answered by Expert 25th January 2016, 4:32 PM
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