How have various communities in the past conserved water?
Various communities have evolved different techniques for storing rain water.
In hilly regions, people have developed channels known as ‘kul’ or ‘gul’ for diverting the river bodies for the development of agriculture.
In arid regions of Rajasthan, people collected rooftop water in order to store water in an underground structure. They also used agricultural fields as water storage structures. This made the soil moist. People built johad, a rainwater storage tank, which collected rainwater and was used for drinking purposes of humans and cattle.
In Bengal, people built various channels for diverting the river or canal water to their agricultural fields. This ensured regular supply of water.
Many communities in Rajasthan built an underground tank in their homes for storing rain water for drinking purposes.
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