Please wait...
1800-212-7858 (Toll Free)
9:00am - 8:00pm IST all days
8104911739
For Business Enquiry

or

Thanks, You will receive a call shortly.
Customer Support

You are very important to us

For any content/service related issues please contact on this toll free number

022-62211530

Mon to Sat - 11 AM to 8 PM

How are crystalline solids classified on the basis of nature of bonding? Explain with examples.

Asked by Shreyasi Biswas 19th October 2013, 7:34 AM
Answered by Expert
Answer:

Crystalline solids are classified into four categories:

I.Ionic solids: These are crystalline solids in which the constituent particles are positive and negative ions.

E.g.In case of NaCl, Na+ and Cl- ions are held together by strong electrostatic forces of attraction.

II. Molecular solids: In these solids, the constituent particles are molecules.

a. They may be non-polar molecules like H2, Cl2 held together by weak dispersion or London forces.

b. They may be polar molecules like HCl held together by dipole-dipole forces of attraction.

c. They contain hydrogen bond linked to highly electronegative atom like oxygen atom in H2O held by strong hydrogen bonds.

III.Covalent or network solids: They are solids in which the constituent particles are non-metal atoms linked to adjacent atoms by covalent bonds. E.g. In diamond, the carbon atoms are linked to each other by covalent bonds.

IV.Metallic solids: In these solids, the constituent particles are positively charged metal ions and free electrons. E.g. Fe, Cu

Answered by Expert 21st October 2013, 11:57 AM
Rate this answer
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6
  • 7
  • 8
  • 9
  • 10

You have rated this answer /10

Your answer has been posted successfully!

Chat with us on WhatsApp