CBSE - X - Chemistry - Carbon and Its Compounds
explain esters and its chemical properties.
1. Hydrolysis of esters : Esters break down into their respective organic acid and alcohol from which they are formed. This process is called hydrolysis. When sodium hydroxide is added to an ester, say for example to ethyl ethanoate, a salt sodium ethanoate is formed along with ethyl alcohol. The reaction is shown below.
2. Reduction: Ester can undergo reduction as follows:
RCO2R' + 2 H2 → RCH2OH + R'OH
3. Ester can undergo several other reactions like Fries rearrangement, Dieckmann condensation, Claisen condensation.
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