Explain any three important reasons behind the formation of the Cabinet Mission.
Following are three important reasons behind the formation of the Cabinet mission:
Revolts in the Administrative Agencies:
- The British government could not rely on the administrative and military apparatus to suppress the nationalist movement. The INA had proven that nationalist sentiments had penetrated the personnel of the Indian army.
- The Indian Naval Ratings stationed at Mumbai revolted in February 1946. The ratings fought with the combined forces of the army and the navy for 7 hours. Finally, they surrendered only when the nationalist leaders asked them to. The naval ratings in many other parts of the country too went on a strike to show their sympathy.
- The Royal Indian Air Force and the Indian Signal Corps at Jabalpur too struck work.
- The Police and the Civil Service were also showing signs of unreliability. For example, the police force in Bihar and Delhi went on a strike.
Mood of the Indian People:
The Indians were not ready to tolerate foreign domination anymore and were prepared to struggle till independence was won. Apart from the Naval mutiny and the struggle for the release of INA prisoners, in 1945-46, there were many agitations, strikes, hartals and demonstrations in all parts of the country.
- The postal and telegraph workers went on an all-India strike in July 1946.
- Railway workers in South India too struck work in August 1946.
- Peasant movements went on with new enthusiasm after 1945.
- The most militant of the peasant struggles was the Tebhaga struggle by the share croppers of Bengal who declared that they would not pay one-half but one-third of the crop to the landlords.
- Struggles against high rents and landlordism erupted in Hyderabad, Malabar, Bengal, U.P., Bihar and Maharashtra.
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