Explain any four reasons responsible for water scarcity in India.
Four reasons responsible for water scarcity in India are
1. India witnessed industrialisation after independence. The establishment of large industrial houses and an increasing number of industries has exerted tremendous pressure on the fresh water resources.
2. An increase in the number of urban centres with dense population has also exerted pressure on water resources. Many houses and societies have independent water-boring devices which have lowered the water table.
3. The deterioration of the quality of water due to industrial and domestic wastes has resulted in the scarcity of water in India.
4. The failure of people in realising the importance of rainwater harvesting has also made water a scarce commodity. Through the methods of rainwater harvesting, the demand of water can be met and groundwater can be recharged.
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