Draw a labelled diagram to explain the female reproductive system.
In human females, a pair of ovaries is located in the abdominal cavity near the kidney. The ovaries perform dual function of: (i) production of female gamete (ovum) and (ii) secretion of female hormones (estrogen and progesterone). Each ovary is composed of ovarian follicles. At puberty, these follicles undergo maturation to produce ova.
Near the posterior end of ovary, a funnel like structure leads into a long convoluted tube called fallopian tube. The fallopian tubes from both sides open into a muscular structure, the uterus. Uterus opens into the vagina. Vagina is a tubular structure also called the 'birth canal", as through this canal the young one is born after completion of development inside uterus. In females, urinary opening (urethra) and vaginal openings are separate.
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