CBSE - VIII - Social Studies
Describe the role of the police and courts, starting from the time of lodging an FIR to the court's decision
- The police have to record an FIR which is lodged by the victim in the police station.
- The police then begin the investigation of the crime. During investigations, the police record statements of witnesses and collect various evidences. On the basis of the collected evidences, the police form an opinion.
- The police then file a charge sheet in the court against the accused.
- The judiciary then decides the case based on the statements of the witnesses and evidences collected by the police.
- The police only investigate the case. They do not decide whether an accused person is guilty or not. They are also not allowed to torture or shoot any person during the investigations
- The main role of the court is to conduct a trial in an impartial manner.
- Before giving the verdict, the judge has to hear all witnesses and other arguments and evidences presented by the prosecution and the defence.
- It is the court which then decides if the accused is guilty or not
- If an accused is proved guilty, the court gives punishment to the guilty in accordance with the law
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