Describe the legacy of the French revolution for the people of the world during the 19th and 20th centuries.
- The French Revolution is significant for the fact that it marked the end of the institution of absolute monarchy in France and saw the establishment of a Republic.
- Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, which had become the guiding principles of the French Revolution, also became the foundational values of the French Republic.
- The Revolution led to the establishment of a democratic government for the first time in Europe.
- Feudalism as an institution was buried by the Revolution, and the Church and the clergy were brought under State control.
- It led to the eventual rise of Napoleon Bonaparte as the Emperor of France.
- It also signified the end of ancient beliefs and political systems and a qualified acceptance of the new era of Industrial Revolution.
- It popularised the idea of nationalism. It also led to the eventual development of the Welfare State.
- The principles of the French Revolution also inspired the Indian nationalists who imbibed them in their political discourse and thus eventually launched the national movement for freedom from British colonial rule. This subsequently led to India’s independence on 15 August 1947.
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