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Ask CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Part I question free ×

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Home /Doubts and Solutions/CBSE/Class 12 Commerce/Business Studies Part I

CBSE Class 12 Commerce Business Studies Part I Free Doubts and Solutions

CBSE - XII Commerce - Business Studies Part I

Q1Which principle OF FAYOL is violated or followed in the following cases . Justify 1) For the last two years , Tulip industries is not functioning smoothly and systematically. The relations between management and employees are becoming bitter day by day. After a complete analysis, it was observed that employees are not working effectively and efficiently and management is not fulfilling its commitment of increments and promotions. 2) Tarun is a salesman in XYZ Industries. He did an aggressive research on a new cost saving advertisement technique and suggests the same to his sales manager. However , the sales manager did not pay any attention to his suggestion. Moreover, he also warned him not to come with any suggestions in future. 3) An employee working in a factory must not waste time in search of raw material or tools and he should know the place where his superior will be available in case of any need. 4) Raman , a purchase manager of a company , has to purchase 55 tonnes of raw material. He purchased the raw material from a firm owned by his relative , at a rate more than the market price. 5) Mayank is a sales manager in a vacuum cleaner company. He is given the responsibility of meeting a sales target of 150 vacuum cleaners in a month. To achieve this target , Mayank needs 20 sales executive. However , he has just 11 executives under him and he is not given the authority to employ 9 more executives. Mayank is able to sell only 80 vacuum cleaners. The General manager of the company blames Mayank for not achieving the target results. 6) Mr. Shyamlal is the production manager of Smart kids pvt.ltd. He gets instructions from Mr. Aditya( Production Manager) to increase production. On the other hand , Mr. Kaantilal ( Sales manager) orders Shyamlal to slow down the production due to unpredictable trend of market demand. 7) Fast Track Motors company is producing 3 different types of vehicles : Cars , Two wheelers and Three wheelers. All the activities ( Purchase, Production , Marketing etc) with respect to each type of vehicle are under one common department due to which organizational objectives are not achieved. 8) Ram and Shyam , having same educational qualifications, work as sales executives in a Water Purifier company. Ram gets a salary of 14000 per month and Shyam gets 16000 month as he belongs to the home town of sales manager. 9) The sales manager assigned a target of selling 40 RO purifiers in a month to a group of 10 sales executives. They mutually decided to sell 4 purifiers each. However , after selling 1 purifier , one of the sales executive met with an accident. The other sales executives did not pay attention to the remaining target of that executive and concentrated on their individual sales target. At the end of the month , only 37 purifiers could be sold. 10) Mr. Prakash Chopra , General manager of M/S Kwality Enterprises retains complete authority over all the activities of the business. No decision making power is given to the subordinates. As a result, Mr.Prakash is always engaged in day to day operational activities and is unable to concentrate on core issues of the company. 11) Craft industries has adopted a new policy of cost cutting. Instead of appointing employees on permanent basis, it has started recruiting them as ‘ Trainees’ on temporary basis in order to avoid increment benefits. It immensely benefitted the company in financial terms. However , within one month , the trainees started leaving the company due to feeling of job insecurity. As a result, financial savings made by the company were spent in the process of new recruitment. 12) Mohan always comes 1 hour late in the office and leave ½ an hour before the scheduled time. No penal action is taken against him. Other employees also started coming late in the office. Management is very disturbed with this and has started scolding the employees. 13) Mastermind Industries developed a new product : ‘ Memory Sharpening Kit ’ for kids. Mr. Shankarprasad , the sales manager of the company , is asked to achieve target sales of 500 kits in one month. He designed a sales plan for the sale of kit without consulting his sales staff. He even refused to hear their suggestions and asked them to just follow his instructions. It led to frustration among the sales staff and as a result , the sales target was not achieved on time. 14) Sargam industries import various computer parts from China and assembles them to make a complete computer. The total work involves three different tasks : assembling , labeling and packing of computer. Each employee of the company independently performs all the three tasks. As a result , no employee is able to gain specialization in a particular field and the company is unable to fulfill the orders on time. 15) In Sharp industries , the employeess’ objective were in direct contrast to organizational objectives. The employees ignored their own interest to give priority to organistion’s objectives. 16) A marketing manager was able to identify a bulk buyer and he was authorized to give discount of 10% for credit period upto 30 days and discount of 5% , if a credit period extends beyond 30 days. However , the buyer was insisting for a discount of 10 % for a credit period of 45 days. Due to lack of powers with the manager, the deal could not be finalized. Q2 Which technique or principle OF TAYLOR is violated or followed in the following cases. 1) Ram is a worker in Liberty Industries , a shoe making company. He is regularly provided instructions by one of his superior. Another superior lays down the sequence of operations. His speed , efficiency and quality of work are also supervised by different superiors , who specialize in their respective fields. 2) In the festive season , Shah Industries decided to reduce the rest interval of workers from 30 minutes to just 7 minutes. However , due to heavy work load and reduction in time of rest interval , efficiency of workers went down and it led to fall in production level , instead of rising. 3) Mr. Shyam , the production manager of X Ltd. , wants to increase the speed of packaging. In order to identify and eliminate unnecesaary and unproductive movements of workers in packaging , he installed a movie camera in the factory. 4) Name the technique , which act as the strongest motivator for a worker to reach standard behavior. 5) Name the technique of scientific management which helps in establishing interchange ability of manufactured parts and products.

Asked by ajbro2007arush 5th July 2020, 10:11 AM
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CBSE - XII Commerce - Business Studies Part I

Q1.Which principle OF FAYOL is violated or followed in the following cases . Justify 1) For the last two years , Tulip industries is not functioning smoothly and systematically. The relations between management and employees are becoming bitter day by day. After a complete analysis, it was observed that employees are not working effectively and efficiently and management is not fulfilling its commitment of increments and promotions. 2) Tarun is a salesman in XYZ Industries. He did an aggressive research on a new cost saving advertisement technique and suggests the same to his sales manager. However , the sales manager did not pay any attention to his suggestion. Moreover, he also warned him not to come with any suggestions in future. 3) An employee working in a factory must not waste time in search of raw material or tools and he should know the place where his superior will be available in case of any need. 4) Raman , a purchase manager of a company , has to purchase 55 tonnes of raw material. He purchased the raw material from a firm owned by his relative , at a rate more than the market price. 5) Mayank is a sales manager in a vacuum cleaner company. He is given the responsibility of meeting a sales target of 150 vacuum cleaners in a month. To achieve this target , Mayank needs 20 sales executive. However , he has just 11 executives under him and he is not given the authority to employ 9 more executives. Mayank is able to sell only 80 vacuum cleaners. The General manager of the company blames Mayank for not achieving the target results. 6) Mr. Shyamlal is the production manager of Smart kids pvt.ltd. He gets instructions from Mr. Aditya( Production Manager) to increase production. On the other hand , Mr. Kaantilal ( Sales manager) orders Shyamlal to slow down the production due to unpredictable trend of market demand. 7) Fast Track Motors company is producing 3 different types of vehicles : Cars , Two wheelers and Three wheelers. All the activities ( Purchase, Production , Marketing etc) with respect to each type of vehicle are under one common department due to which organizational objectives are not achieved. 8) Ram and Shyam , having same educational qualifications, work as sales executives in a Water Purifier company. Ram gets a salary of 14000 per month and Shyam gets 16000 month as he belongs to the home town of sales manager. 9) The sales manager assigned a target of selling 40 RO purifiers in a month to a group of 10 sales executives. They mutually decided to sell 4 purifiers each. However , after selling 1 purifier , one of the sales executive met with an accident. The other sales executives did not pay attention to the remaining target of that executive and concentrated on their individual sales target. At the end of the month , only 37 purifiers could be sold. 10) Mr. Prakash Chopra , General manager of M/S Kwality Enterprises retains complete authority over all the activities of the business. No decision making power is given to the subordinates. As a result, Mr.Prakash is always engaged in day to day operational activities and is unable to concentrate on core issues of the company. 11) Craft industries has adopted a new policy of cost cutting. Instead of appointing employees on permanent basis, it has started recruiting them as ‘ Trainees’ on temporary basis in order to avoid increment benefits. It immensely benefitted the company in financial terms. However , within one month , the trainees started leaving the company due to feeling of job insecurity. As a result, financial savings made by the company were spent in the process of new recruitment. 12) Mohan always comes 1 hour late in the office and leave ½ an hour before the scheduled time. No penal action is taken against him. Other employees also started coming late in the office. Management is very disturbed with this and has started scolding the employees. 13) Mastermind Industries developed a new product : ‘ Memory Sharpening Kit ’ for kids. Mr. Shankarprasad , the sales manager of the company , is asked to achieve target sales of 500 kits in one month. He designed a sales plan for the sale of kit without consulting his sales staff. He even refused to hear their suggestions and asked them to just follow his instructions. It led to frustration among the sales staff and as a result , the sales target was not achieved on time. 14) Sargam industries import various computer parts from China and assembles them to make a complete computer. The total work involves three different tasks : assembling , labeling and packing of computer. Each employee of the company independently performs all the three tasks. As a result , no employee is able to gain specialization in a particular field and the company is unable to fulfill the orders on time. 15) In Sharp industries , the employeess’ objective were in direct contrast to organizational objectives. The employees ignored their own interest to give priority to organistion’s objectives. 16) A marketing manager was able to identify a bulk buyer and he was authorized to give discount of 10% for credit period upto 30 days and discount of 5% , if a credit period extends beyond 30 days. However , the buyer was insisting for a discount of 10 % for a credit period of 45 days. Due to lack of powers with the manager, the deal could not be finalized. Q2.Which technique or principle OF TAYLOR is violated or followed in the following cases. 1) Ram is a worker in Liberty Industries , a shoe making company. He is regularly provided instructions by one of his superior. Another superior lays down the sequence of operations. His speed , efficiency and quality of work are also supervised by different superiors , who specialize in their respective fields. 2) In the festive season , Shah Industries decided to reduce the rest interval of workers from 30 minutes to just 7 minutes. However , due to heavy work load and reduction in time of rest interval , efficiency of workers went down and it led to fall in production level , instead of rising. 3) Mr. Shyam , the production manager of X Ltd. , wants to increase the speed of packaging. In order to identify and eliminate unnecesaary and unproductive movements of workers in packaging , he installed a movie camera in the factory. 4) Name the technique , which act as the strongest motivator for a worker to reach standard behavior. 5) Name the technique of scientific management which helps in establishing interchange ability of manufactured parts and products.  

Asked by ajbro2007arush 4th July 2020, 11:50 AM
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CBSE - XII Commerce - Business Studies Part I

Mr. Anil Garg is working as Managing Director of “CLS Packaging Limited”. He is not in favour of selling waste material in the marked. Instead he is planning to make himself new products of this material. For this purpose, a new unit will have to be set up. Accordingly, he decided to establish this unit in an area where large number of persons are unemployed and so labour is available at cheap rate. In order to attract workers to this new unit, a special Remuneration Scheme was introduced. As per this scheme, workers will get their remuneration on the basis of their work. There will be two rates of wages: higher wage rate and lower wage rate. A worker who will work up to a given standardized unit or beyond will be paid his/her remuneration at a higher rate. On the other hand, a worker who will work less than the given standardized units will be paid his/her remuneration at a lower rate. In order to operate this new unit, Mr. Garg established a separate ‘Waste Material Division’. It consisted of four departments, such as, Purchase, sales, Production and Accounts. Company required four managers to run these departments, of these, two managers were appointed from the existing business, by way of promotion; while the other two were selected out of the waiting list maintained by the company. 1. Which form of organization structure is being adopted by the company? 2. Identify and given the meaning of wage payment scheme adopted by the company to motivate the workers. 3. What methods of recruitment have been adopted by the company? 4. Identify these two values that Mr. Garg has been dedicating to the society by establishing this new unit.

Asked by tarunp1312 22nd May 2020, 10:46 AM
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CBSE - XII Commerce - Business Studies Part I

Radhika opens a jewelry showroom in Jaipur after completing a course in jewelry designing. She has employed eleven persons in her showroom. For greater productivity, she divides the work into small tasks and each employee is trained to perform his/her specialized job. The sales persons are allowed to close a deal with a buyer by giving a maximum of 10% discount, whereas the decision to given any further discount rests with Radhika as the final authority. In the earlier days of starting of the business, five of her employees were asked to put in extra hours of work. In return she had promised to give them a special incentive within a year. Therefore, after six months when the business was doing well, she awarded a cash bonus to each of these employees to honour her commitment. However, when it comes to setting the conflicts among her employees, she tends to b e more biased towards her female employees. In context of the above case: 1. Identify and explain the various principles of management that are being applied by Radhika by quoting lines from the paragraph. 2. Identify and explain the principle of management which is being violated by Radhika by quoting lines from the paragraph. 3. State any one effect of the violation of the principle of management by Radhika as identified in part (b) of the question.

Asked by purnayyap 28th April 2020, 10:47 AM
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