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CBSE - X - English

Can you explain me the following figures of speech:

Asked by tanishqa.rathod 9th September 2015, 6:33 PM
Answered by Expert


Hi Ranishqa,


Oxymoron is the use of two opposing ideas together for a self-contradictory yet poetic effect. 


The dinner is almost ready.

She had an air of violent calmness.


Euphemism is the use of a milder term for a harsh word/idea.


He is mentally unsound. (Milder term for mad)

Her grandmother is with God. (Milder term for dead)


Antithesis- Opposing ideas are brought together.


To err is human; to forgive is divine.

Man proposes; God disposes.


Synecdoche uses a part to designate the whole or a whole is to designate a part.


Part for the whole:

He has many mouths to feed.

The phrase 'many mouths' refers to the people dependant on him. Thus, it is part for the whole.

Whole for the part:

India won the world cup in 2010.

The word 'India' refers to the Indian team and not the entire county. Hence, it is a whole for a part.  


Answered by Expert 9th September 2015, 6:49 PM

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