CBSE - XII Science - Biology
can you explain me principles of biotechnology.
Principles of biotechnology are as follows:
- Genetic engineering includes techniques to alter the nature of genetic material, DNA and RNA to introduce these into the host organisms and thus change the phenotype of the host organism.
- Chemical engineering involves maintenance of sterile microbial contamination-free condition in chemical engineering processes to have growth of only the desired microorganism/eukaryotic cell in large quantities for the manufacture of biotechnological products such as antibiotics, vaccines, enzymes, medicines and hormones.
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