CBSE - IX - History - Forest Society and Colonialism
ANSWER IN DETAIL :- (WORD LIMIT 200 WORDS)
1.WHAT IS SCIENTIFIC FORESTRY. MENTION IT'S FEATURES.
2.MAIN CAUSES FOR REVOLT OF BASTAR.
3.WHAT IS MEANT BY SHIFTING CULTIVATION ?
4.HOW CAN YOU SAY THAT THE FOREST SURVIVED BECAUSE OF VILLAGERS?
The British in India were worried over the fast depletion of forest cover in India. They felt that the felling of trees by the local people and the contractors were destroying the forests. They invited a German forest expert, Dietrich Brandis to plan for the conservation of forests and appointed him as the Inspector General of Forests in India. Brandis set up the Indian forest Service in 1864 and helped in the formulation of the Indian Forest Act of 1865. The Imperial Forest research Institute was also set up at Dehradun in 1906. He formulated the system of ‘scientific forestry’. Following were some of the features of the scientific forestry in India:
- In degraded natural forests one type of trees were planted in straight rows and was called plantation.
- Areas under forests were measured, forests were surveyed and working plans were made for the forest management.
- The forests were systematically felled and then trees were to b replanted again.
- The Indian Forest Act was passed which divided the forests in India into three categories:
- Reserved forests
- Protected forests
- Village forests
- The villagers were not allowed to fell trees in the reserved forests. For building their houses or for fuel, they could only collect wood from the protected and the village forests.
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