ANSWER IN 200 WORDS:-
WHAT ARE THE EXCEPTION IN FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS? WHY ARE THEY IMPORTANT?
The Constitution guarantees six Fundamental Rights to Indian citizens as follows: (i) Right to equality, (ii) Right to freedom, (iii) Right against exploitation, (iv) Right to freedom of religion, (v) cultural and educational rights, and (vi) Right to constitutional remedies. While these Fundamental Rights are universal, the Constitution provides for some exceptions and restrictions.
For example, Article 16 lays down that the State cannot discriminate against anyone in the matters of employment. All citizens can apply for government jobs. The exception is that the laws may be passed the Parliament according to which for certain seats of the government jobs, only a person who is domiciled in the area may apply for the post. Similarly, the state also reserves certain seats for the people belonging to the SC’s and the ST’s and other weaker sections of the society.
Similarly, the government may also give grants to certain minority community in order to help them preserve their culture and languages.
These exceptions are important as they safeguard the interests of the minority community. These exceptions are also made in order to uplift those sections of the society which since years have been systematically subjugated and exploited.
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