(a) What is fertilization?
(b) Distinguish between external and internal fertilization.
(c) What is the site of fertilization in human beings?
(a) The process of fusion of male gamete (sperm) with the female gamete (egg) to produce zygote is called fertilization.
The fusion of male gamete with the female gamete outside the body of female is called external fertilization. Example- fish, frog, etc.
The fusion of male gamete with the female gamete inside the body of female is called internal fertilization. Example- birds and mammals.
(c ) The site of fertilization in female human beings is the fallopian tube.
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