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CBSE Class 12 Economics Board Paper Analysis - 2020

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) conducted the Class 12 Economics Board Exam on 13th March 2019. In this article we will provide a detailed analysis of the CBSE Class 12 Economics Paper 2020.


The Economics board paper 2020 structure is as follows:


The paper comprised of 2 parts, Section A and Section B of 40 marks each.

Section A (Macroeconomics)

There were 10 questions for 1 mark, 2 questions for 3 marks, 3 questions for 4 marks and 2 questions for 6 marks.

Section B (Indian Economic Development)

There were 10 questions for 1 mark, 2 questions for 3 marks, 3 questions for 4 marks and 2 questions for 6 marks.

In Section A -Macroeconomics had 17 questions and Section B- Indian Economic Development had 17 questions. The paper had a total of 34 questions.

All questions in both sections were compulsory.

However, there were internal choices in questions of 1 mark, 3 marks, 4 marks and 6 marks in both Section A and B.

Chapter-wise Marks’ Distribution as per CBSE Blueprint

 As per the CBSE syllabus, the paper was divided into two sections, namely Section A(Macroeconomics) and Section B (Indian Economic Development).

 The table below explains the distribution of marks in the paper as per the CBSE blueprint for Economics:


Proportion of Theoretical and Numerical questions

The paper was a combination of theoretical and numerical questions. The numerical questions in Macroeconomics accounted for only 05 marks and the theoretical questions accounted for 35 marks out of the total of 40 marks. The numerical questions were tricky however the theory questions were direct and easy.


Overall review

The paper was very easy, and there were no difficult questions in the paper apart from the numericals in Macroeconomics. If we compare Macroeconomics with Indian economic Development, then Indian Economic Development was very scoring as the questions were direct and simple.

The Economics board paper was easy as compared to last year, however, it was a bit lengthy due to theory questions. CBSE adhered to the blueprint issued by them and strictly followed the marking scheme. Overall, most questions in the Economics paper were direct. But there were a few tricky questions which demanded extra time and effort from students.


Watch this video for a detailed analysis of the CBSE 12 Economics paper 2020 by a TopperLearning academic expert.




All the very best from Team TopperLearning for your upcoming examinations!


Review all the important answers and practice material for your next CBSE Class 12 Commerce exam 2020 here:

CBSE Class 12 Business Studies exam 2020 - Sample Papers

CBSE Class 12 Business Studies exam 2020 - Previous years papers

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as per blueprint

Marks in the 2020 paper


Introductory Macroeconomics 

National Income and Related Aggregates



Money and Banking



Determination of Income and Employment



Government Budget and the Economy



Balance of Payments




Indian Economic Development 

Development Experiences (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991



Current Challenges facing Indian Economy



Development Experiences of India-A Comparison with Neighbours





Theory Paper (40+40 Marks)




Project Work



Total Marks



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