Write the location and function of all organelles in a table format.

Asked by chauhanayush706 | 25th May, 2017, 12:17: PM

Expert Answer:

Cell organelles

Location

Function

Nucleus

  • Centre of the cytoplasm
  • Regulates cell functions
  • Contains chromosomes, made of genes, which control hereditary characteristics

Mitochondria

  • Spherical, rod-shaped dispersed in the cytoplasm
  • Produces ATP which acts as energy currency for the cell

Endoplasmic reticulum

  • Irregular network of tubular double membrane distributed over the entire cell cytoplasm
  • Folding of proteins
  • Transport of synthesised proteins

Golgi apparatus

  • Stacks of flattened membrane sacs located near the nucleus
  • Modification and export of proteins

Vacuoles

  • Fluid-filled or solid-filled and membrane-bounded spaces in the cell cytoplasm
  • Store water and other substances, food, pigments and waste products
  • Provides turgidity to the cells

Lysosomes

  • Simple, tiny, single membrane bound sacs dispersed in cell cytoplasm
  • Digest and remove wastes from the cell

Ribosomes

  • Dense, spherical, small granules, either scattered in the cytoplasm or attached to the outside of endoplasmic reticulum
  • Synthesise proteins

Plastids (only in plant cells)

  • Oval, spherical and disc-shaped dispersed in cell cytoplasm
  • Site for manufacture and storage of important chemical compounds used by the cell

Answered by Sheetal Kolte | 25th May, 2017, 01:32: PM

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