Why toluene is more reactive than nitro benzene? 

Asked by afiaorpi01 | 22nd Mar, 2019, 01:19: AM

Expert Answer:

In nitrobenzene deactivating group -NOis present. It reduces the electron density of benzene group making it less prone to attack by an electrophile.
 
On the other hand, in toluene ring activating group -CH3 is present which activates ring resulting in increased reactivity for electrophilic addition.
 
Thus nitrobenzene reacts less readily with electrophilic reagents as compared to toluene.

Answered by Ramandeep | 22nd Mar, 2019, 05:07: PM