why is latent heatof vapourisation higher than latent heat of fusion?

Asked by  | 20th Jul, 2008, 10:24: AM

Expert Answer:

 The latent heat of fusion it is the heat required to change a substance from a solid (ice) to a liquid (water) or vice versa while the latent heat of vaporization from a liquid (water) to a gas (steam) or vice versa.

Now as you heat a solid turning it into a liquid, you increase the kinetic energy of its molecules, moving them further apart until the forces of attraction are reduced to allow it to flow freely. Now as you heat a liquid, turning it into a gas, the kinetic energy of the molecules are increased to a point where there are no forces of attraction between the molecules.

The energy required to completely separate the molecules, moving from liquid to gas, is much greater that if you were just to reduce their separation, solid to liquid. Hence the reason why the latent heat of vaporization is greater that the latent heat of fusion.

greater the intermolecular attraction greater is the melting point.because more heat is required to break that forces of attraction.

Answered by  | 20th Jul, 2008, 04:12: PM

Queries asked on Sunday & after 7pm from Monday to Saturday will be answered after 12pm the next working day.