why does the width of the depletion layer increase in reverse bias and why does it decrease in forward bias?

Asked by Dhruva | 22nd Feb, 2012, 01:24: PM

Expert Answer:

In forward bias, the p-type is connected with the positive terminal and the n-type is connected with the negative terminal.With a battery connected this way, the holes in the P-type region and the electrons in the N-type region are pushed toward the junction. This reduces the width of the depletion zone. Reverse-bias usually refers to how a diode is used in a circuit. If a diode is reverse-biased, the voltage at the cathode is higher than that at the anode. Therefore, no current will flow until the diode breaks down. Connecting the P-type region to the negative terminal of the battery and the N-type region to the positive terminal corresponds to reverse bias. The connections are illustrated in the following diagram: Because the p-type material is now connected to the negative terminal of the power supply, the 'holes' in the P-type material are pulled away from the junction, causing the width of the depletion zone to increase.

Answered by  | 22nd Feb, 2012, 03:08: PM

Queries asked on Sunday & after 7pm from Monday to Saturday will be answered after 12pm the next working day.