why aniline is meta directing not ortho directing

Asked by vikash040988yadav | 27th Mar, 2017, 09:43: PM

Expert Answer:

Amino group in aniline is ortho and para directing while aniline hydrogen chloride is meta directing.
This is because NH2 group in aniline is highly activating group.
A lone pair of electrons is present on N which releases the electron density to the benzene ring and hence activates the benzene ring towards electrophilic substitution reactions at ortho and para positions.

Answered by Vaibhav Chavan | 28th Mar, 2017, 05:07: PM