what type of cells in the human nails

Asked by hemasumi | 13th Jul, 2008, 10:49: AM

Expert Answer:

Nails grow out of deep folds in the skin of the fingers and toes. As epidermal cells below the nail root move up to the surface of the skin, they increase in number, and those closest to the nail root become flattened and pressed tightly together. Each cell is transformed into a thin plate; these plates are piled in layers to form the nail. As with hair, nails are formed by keratinization. So nail cells are basically formed by keratinocytes.When the nail cells accumulate, the nail is pushed forward.

The skin below the nail is called the matrix. The larger part of the nail, the nail plate, looks pink because of the network of tiny blood vessels in the underlying dermis. The whitish crescent-shaped area at the base of the nail is called the lunula

Answered by  | 13th Jul, 2008, 11:55: AM

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