What led to civil wars in Sri Lanka?

Asked by vatsalchoudhary41 | 8th Apr, 2015, 05:10: AM

Expert Answer:

The following instances gave rise to civil war in Sri Lanka:

  • After Sri Lanka gaining independence in 1948, the Sinhala community leaders, on the basis of majority, sought to secure dominance over the government.
  • This resulted in establishment of Sinhala supremacy by adopting a series of majoritarian measures.
  • In 1956, an Act passed Sinhala as the only recognised official language of the country.
  • The government favoured the Sinhala applicants in education, jobs and in many fields.
  • Also, the government stipulated that people should foster and protect Buddhism.
  • The Tamils were denied equal political rights and their interests were ignored.
  • As a result, the relations between the Sinhala and the Tamils communities got strained over time.
All these reasons made the Tamils feel discriminated and lead to distrust between the communities. 

Answered by Akanksha Kaul | 8th Apr, 2015, 11:35: AM

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